|標題:||A computational study on the kinetics and mechanism for the unimolecular decomposition of o-nitrotoluene|
|作者:||Chen, S. C.|
Xu, S. C.
Lin, M. C.
Institute of Molecular science
|摘要:||The kinetics and mechanism for the unimolecular decomposition of o-nitrotoluene (o-CH3C6H4NO2) have been studied computationally at the G2M(RCC, MP2)//B3LYP/6-311G(d, p) level of theory in conjunction with rate constant predictions with RRKM and TST calculations. The results of the calculations reveal 10 decomposition channels for o-nitrotoluene and its six isomeric intermediates, among them four channels give major products: CH3C6H4 + NO2, C6H4C(H) ON (anthranil) + H2O, CH3C6H4O (o-methyl phenoxy) + NO, and C6H4C(H-2) NO + OH. The predicted rate constants in the 500-2000 K temperature range indicate that anthranil production, taking place initially by intramolecular H-abstraction from the CH3 group by NO2 followed by five-membered ring formation and dehydration, dominates at temperatures below 1000 K, whereas NO2 elimination becomes predominant above 1100 K and CH3C6H4O formation by the nitro-nitrite isomerization/decomposition process accounts for only 5-11% of the total product yield in the middle temperature range 800-1300 K. The branching ratio for CH2C6H4NO formation by the decomposition process of CH2C6H4N(O)OH is negligible. The predicted high-pressure-limit rate constants with the rate expression of 4.10 x 10(17) exp[-37000/T] s(-1) for the NO2 elimination channel and 9.09 x 10(12) exp[-25800/T] s(-1) for the H2O elimination channel generally agree reasonably with available experimental data. The predicted high-pressure-limit rate constants for the NO and OH elimination channels are represented as 1.49 x 10(14) exp[-30000/T] and 1.31 x 10(15) exp[-38000/T] s(-1), respectively.|
|期刊:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A|