|標題:||Formation of honeycomb structures and superhydrophobic surfaces by casting a block copolymer from selective solvent mixtures|
Cheng, Stephen Z. D.
Department of Applied Chemistry
|關鍵字:||block copolymers;films;honeycomb structure;nanostructure;superhydrophobic|
|摘要:||Poly(vinyl phE!nol)-block-polystyrene (PVPh-b-PS) diblock copolymers are synthesized by sequential anionic polymerization with sec-butyl lithium as the initiator. The Pvph-b-PS diblock copolymer is cast (on a substrate) from several solvent mixtures that contain tetrahydrofuran/toluene ratios of 1:0.1, 1:1, and 1:2. After solvent evaporation the resulting films are characterized by SEM, TEM, and contact angle measurements. A honeycomb structure is fabricated from the vesicle structure at relatively low toluene contents. On the contrary, at relatively higIier toluene contents, a micelle structure with porous microspheres is formed, which possesses higher surface roughness and results in film surface superhydrophobicity. The simple method described here that uses common/selective mixed solvents may be easily extended to prepare honeycomb structures and superhydrophobic surfaces simultaneously from a wide variety of block copolymers by carefully controlling the weight composition of the block copolymer and the selective solvent con-tent.|
|期刊:||MACROMOLECULAR RAPID COMMUNICATIONS|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|
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