Title: Modeling Taiwanese speakers' knowledge of tone sandhi in reduplication
Authors: Zhang, Jie
Lai, Yuwen
Sailor, Craig
Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures
Keywords: Taiwanese tone sandhi;Opacity;Reduplication;Wug test;Productivity;Maximum Entropy grammar
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Abstract: Recent studies on productivity have shown that native speakers phonological knowledge not only includes statistical patterns in the lexicon but also patterns that cannot be gleaned from the lexicon This is demonstrated in speakers analytical bias towards abstract phonological representations (Davidson 2005) single-feature dependency (Moreton 2008) perceptually motivated phonological scales (Zuraw 2007) as well as their difficulties with exceptionless opaque patterns in wug tests (Zhang and Lai 2008) Based on the results of a wug-test we show in this paper that the opaque tone sandhi pattern in Taiwanese reduplication is a case in which the speakers knowledge is a combination of more than less than and exactly what their lexicon informs them of the phonetic effects of the sandhis are overlearned the opaque tone sandhis are underlearned and the lexical statistics are properly learned We further argue that a substantively biased Maximum Entropy grammar that encodes learning biases against lexical listing and phonetically unmotivated patterns can model the simultaneous underlearning over-learning and proper learning of the lexical patterns by Taiwanese speakers (C) 2010 Elsevier B V All rights reserved
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2010.06.010
ISSN: 0024-3841
DOI: 10.1016/j.lingua.2010.06.010
Journal: LINGUA
Volume: 121
Issue: 2
Begin Page: 181
End Page: 206
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