標題: Synthesis and characterization of polyimide-silica nanocomposites using novel fluorine-modified silica nanoparticles
作者: Mo, Te-Cheng
Wang, Hong-Wen
Chen, San-Yan
Dong, Rui-Xuan
Kuo, Chien-Hung
Yeh, Yun-Chieh
材料科學與工程學系
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
關鍵字: composites;dielectric properties;nanocomposites;polyimides;silicas
公開日期: 15-Apr-2007
摘要: Polyimide-silica nanocomposites were synthesized with 4,4'-oxydianiline, 4,4'-(4,4'-isopropylidenediphenoxy)bis(phthalic anhydride), and fluorine-modified silica nanoparticles. Fluorinated precursors such as 4",4'"-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)bis(4-phenoxyaniline) (6FBPA) and 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylindene)diphenol (BISAF) were employed to modify the surface of the silica nanoparticles. The microstructures and thermal, mechanical, and dielectric properties of the polymide-silica nanocomposites were investigated. An improvement in the thermal stability and storage modulus of the polyimide nanocomposites due to the addition of the modified silica nanoparticles was observed. The microstructures of the polyimide-silica nanocomposites containing 6FBPA-modified silica exhibited more uniformity than those of the nanocomposites containing BISAF-modified silica. The dielectric constants of the polyimide were considerably reduced by the incorporation of pristine silica or 6FBPA-modified silica but not BISAF-modified silica. The addition of a modifier with higher fluorine contents did not ensure a lower dielectric constant. The uniformity of the silica distribution, manipulated by the reactivity of the modifier, played an important role in the reduction of the dielectric constant. Using 6FBPA-modified silica nanoparticles demonstrated an effective way of synthesizing low-dielectric-constant polyimide-silica nanocomposites. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.25763
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/10908
ISSN: 0021-8995
DOI: 10.1002/app.25763
期刊: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
Volume: 104
Issue: 2
起始頁: 882
結束頁: 890
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