標題: Computational study on the mechanisms and energetics of trimethylindium reactions with H2O and H2S
作者: Raghunath, P.
Lin, M. C.
應用化學系分子科學碩博班
Institute of Molecular science
公開日期: 19-七月-2007
摘要: The reactions of trimethylindium (TMIn) with H2O and H2S are relevant to the chemical vapor deposition of indium oxide and indium sulfide thin films. The mechanisms and energetics of these reactions in the gas phase have been investigated by density functional theory and ab initio calculations using the CCSD(T)/[6-31G(d,p)+Lanl2dz]//B3LYP/[6-31G(d,p)+Lanl2dz] and CCSD(T)/[6-31G(d,p) + Lanl2dz] //MP2/[6-31G(d,p)+Lanl2dz] methods. The results of both methods are in good agreement for the optimized geometries and relative energies. When TMIn reacts with H2O and H2S, initial molecular complexes [(CH3)(3)In:OH2 (R1)] and [(CH3)(3)In:SH2 (R2)] are formed with 12.6 and 3.9 kcal/mol binding energies. Elimination of a CH4 molecule from each complex occurs with a similar energy barrier at TS1 (19.9 kcal/mol) and at TS3 (22.1 kcal/mol), respectively, giving stable intermediates (CH3)(2)InOH and (CH3)(2)InSH. The elimination of the second CH4 molecule from these intermediate products, however, has to overcome very high and much different barriers of 66.1 and 53.2 kcal/mol, respectively. In the case of DMIn with H2O and H2S reactions, formation of both InO and InS is exothermic by 3.1 and 30.8 kcal/mol respectively. On the basis of the predicted heats of formation of R1 and R2 at 0 K and -20.1 and 43.6 kcal/mol, the heats of formation of (CH3)(2)InOH, (CH3)(2)InSH, CH3InO, CH3InS, InO, and InS are estimated to be -20.6, 31.8, and 29.0 and 48.4, 35.5, and 58.5 kcal/mol, respectively. The values for InO and InS are in good agreement with available experimental data. A similar study on the reactions of (CH3)(2)In with H2O and H2S has been carried out; in these reactions CH3InOH and CH3InSH were found to be the key intermediate products.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0677142
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/10553
ISSN: 1089-5639
DOI: 10.1021/jp0677142
期刊: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A
Volume: 111
Issue: 28
起始頁: 6481
結束頁: 6488
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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